CRISIS AND CRISIS MANAGEMENT IN ORGANIZATIONS, THE IMPORTANCE OF CRISIS AND CRISIS LEADERSHIP, THE EFFECTS OF THE COVID-19 PANDEMIC CRISIS PROCESS ON THE TURKISH ECONOMY
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Keywords:Crisis, Manager, Organizational Management
Crisis (crisis) are difficult situations that threaten the high-level goals and business methods of an organization, or put the organization's existence in a dangerous situation, require quick decisions, and neutralize problem prevention systems. In other words, crisis can be defined as an unexpected situation or events that have an unexpected outcome (Sikich, 2002). Crises are a turning point for businesses by enabling organizations to gain new experiences and acquire new knowledge, and to turn this situation into an opportunity (Demirtaş, 2000). The ability of organizations to achieve their goals and to maintain their existence depends on their ability to adapt to their environment and to regulate their business skills depending on the expectations of the environment. The constantly changing environment creates major problems for businesses that cannot adapt to these changes and cannot balance. The success of organizations depends to a large extent on their ability to recognize and assess these dangers beforehand. Organizations can face many threats that can come from within the business or from the business environment. Because of its negative effects, organization managers' ability to cope with these threats is of great importance for businesses (Can, 2002). Organization managers' leadership, experience, knowledge and skills are most needed in times of crisis. Because the most important responsibility of a leader manager is to successfully prevent the crisis that occurs in the organization. Managers exist to manage unexpected conditions and solve problems in organizations. For this reason, administratorship is the problem management process in organizations. The manager is the person who prevents this problem. Therefore, leading managers appear and show themselves especially in times of crisis (Peker & Ayturk, 2000). In this study, the characteristics of the crisis in organizations, the reasons for the emergence of the crisis and the crisis management processes in organizations are mentioned. Crisis management processes of organizations in potential crisis situations are examined.
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