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Abstract


WORDS THAT ARE MADE WITH THE HELP OF OLD CASE ENDINGS

Сategory of case plays an important role in the common grammatical categories of names and takes the leading place in the study of the grammar structure of the language. Because this category is the main grammatical indicator that links the words in a sentence. In addition, case words are often syntactically related to verb, and language relationships can not be realized without them. The linguists are investigating the category of case in different sides. Case endings are studied morphologically, syntactically and semantically. Due to the syntactic activity and semantic activity of case endings, scientists divide into two groups: grammatical cases are nominative, genitive, dative, volumetric cases are accusative, locative, ablative and instrumental in Kazakh language. This sort of grouping depends on their speaking services. In grammatical cases, the grammatical side, i.e. syntax, prevails in semantics, in volumetric cases prevails semantic significance. Grammatical cases do not have adverbial value, and volumetric cases have an adverbial value. In the Kazakh language there are old case figures among case systems, that don't link words and words, and don't convert the words, and are far from case paradigm. Although these figures are similar to their external shape, their function and meaning are different. All case indicators do not deviate from the case paradigm and act as word-linking function in the case system. Only volumetric cases – accusative, locative, ablative instrumental are retreated from the previous position and had a new service. However, this phenomenon is a long, historic process that affects the internal and external factors of the language. The scientists associate the expiration behavior of auxiliaries in language with the phenomenon of lexication. The expiration case endings among auxiliaries also means one of the ways of lexication. Case endings are included in the word conversion system. They only link words and words and represent different grammatical meanings of words (names). However, case figures are connected to the word, are not used grammatically and make new lexical units. In the Kazakh language not only case endings, but also possessive endings, plurality endings, some suffixes of the verbs with the grammatical meaning, can also give lexical meaning. Form word converting form into a word-forming form is closely connected with the lexicalization process. In the process of lexicalization the grammatical form integrating with root loses its ability to move from one case to another, on the basis of which its grammatical meaning becomes obsolete, isolated from the morphological category system, and a new lexical figure is formed. Having the word-forming quality the case endings get older, deviate from its continuing activity and grammatical meaning integrate with the root. Separate isolated case figures (parts of speech) are separated from the context-specific function, and have a higher syntactical connection to verbs. The lexical and grammatical meanings of the lexical figures with old case endings change and have a new meaning, which also affects the syntax of the derivative word. On the bases of deviating words with case endings the process of transition to a new lexicon is done at the syntax level.



Keywords
Words, Old Case Endings



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