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Abstract


CLOTHING IN THE INTERCULTURAL INTERACTION FACTOR: AMELIA BLOOMER-TURKISH DRESS

Clothing-dressing phenomenon, protection due to climatic conditions, environmental factors of covering need, internal dynamics (religion, race, language, tradition-custom etc.) that make up the societies, personality structures in the process of being an individual, the effects of changes in their liking, has created the phenomenon of becoming a second skin. Societies have brought about differences in clothing due to the influence of civilization, history and character throughout life. Given the importance of cultural change in determining the characteristics of societies, it is seen that social change has also created intense interaction among cultures. he change of clothing used in different civilizations and times in the history of clothing is determined by the development process of civilizations. While clothing often reflects personal likes and cultural values, some civilizations have been under the influence of cultures that have sometimes been stable and sometimes dominant in the cultural transformations of their clothing. Commercial and cultural shopping influenced many forms of clothing in the history of clothing and contributed to the emergence of new forms. It is possible to observe, in technical and aesthetic terms, the visual relationship of the garment with the body and the way in which the parts of the garment come together, when the unique features of Western and Eastern cultures are worn. In Europe, since the early Middle Ages, men and women's clothes seem to emphasize the body much more. For this reason, sex discrimination in European garments is even more pronounced than in Ottoman clothes. For example, the pants worn among the garments mentioned as bifurcated garments in the history of the clothes became a garment which was impossible to wear until the clothes known as Bloomer garment - Turkish Dress for women in Europe and America. Bloomer Dress Turkish Dress, also known as "Turkish Shawl", was used as underwear hidden under the skirts. However, in the Ottoman Empire, Şalvar maintains its characteristics and usefulness even today as a form of comfortable clothing worn by both men and women. This study was planned with the aim of investigating the effect of the shalvar-pants form, which entered the literary "Bloomer Dress-Turkish Dress", which gives a characteristic of the womens-dressing phenomenon which plays an important role in intercultural interaction in western society in women's movements.



Keywords
Intercultural Interaction, Clothing and Culture, "Bloomer Dress-Turkish Dress".



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